Igikorwa cyo gutunganya imyanda yo hanze

Burezili |Umushinga wa peteroli ya Ethanol
Mu 1975, hatangijwe gahunda nini yo guteza imbere amavuta ya Ethanol muri bagasse;

Ubudage |Ubukungu bwizunguruka n amategeko yimyanda
Politiki ya Engriffsregelung (ingamba zo kurengera ibidukikije n’isoko y '“indishyi z’ibidukikije”) yatangijwe mu 1976;
Mu 1994, Bundestag yatoye itegeko ry’ubukungu n’imyanda, ryatangiye gukurikizwa mu 1996 rihinduka itegeko rusange ryihariye ryo kubaka ubukungu bw’umuzingi no gukuraho imyanda mu Budage.Mu gutunganya imyanda, Ubudage bwateguye gahunda ya Kassel (izina rya kaminuza yo mu Budage): ubusitani bwapfuye amashami, amababi, indabyo nindi myanda, ibisigazwa byibiribwa byo mu gikoni, ibishishwa byimbuto hamwe n’indi myanda kama mu mifuka ya pulasitiki ibora, hanyuma ikinjira mu ndobo yo gukusanya kugirango itunganyirizwe .

Amerika |Amategeko yo kubungabunga no kugarura umutungo
Amategeko yo kubungabunga no kugarura umutungo (RCRA) yatangajwe kandi ashyirwa mu bikorwa mu 1976 arashobora gufatwa nkinkomoko y’imicungire y’ubukungu bw’ubuhinzi.
Mu 1994, Ikigo gishinzwe kurengera ibidukikije cyatanze kode ya epA530-R-94-003 yo gukusanya, gushyira mu byiciro, ifumbire mvaruganda no gutunganya imyanda iva mu busitani, hamwe n’amategeko ngenderwaho bijyanye.

Danemark |Gutegura imyanda
Kuva mu 1992, hashyizweho gahunda yo gutunganya imyanda.Kuva mu 1997, hateganijwe ko imyanda yose ishobora gutwikwa igomba kongera gukoreshwa kuko ingufu n’imyanda bibujijwe.Hashyizweho uruhererekane rwa politiki zemewe n’amategeko n’imisoro, kandi hafashwe ingamba zihamye zo gutera inkunga.

Nouvelle-Zélande |Amabwiriza
Birabujijwe guta imyanda no gutwika imyanda kama, kandi politiki yo gufumbira no kuyikoresha iratezwa imbere.

UK |Gahunda yimyaka 10
Hateguwe gahunda yimyaka 10 yo "guhagarika ikoreshwa ryubucuruzi bwimbuto", kandi uduce twinshi two mubwongereza ubu twanze gukoresha ubucuruzi bwimbuto kugirango dushyireho ubundi buryo.

Ubuyapani |Amategeko yo gucunga imyanda (Yavuguruwe)
Mu 1991, guverinoma y’Ubuyapani yatangaje “Itegeko ryo gutunganya imyanda (Revised Version)”, ryagaragaje ihinduka rikomeye ry’imyanda iva mu “gutunganya isuku” ikajya “gukosorwa neza” ikajya “kugenzura imyanda no kuyitunganya”, ikanabashinzwe gutunganya imyanda. ihame ryo “gutanga amanota”.Bivuga Kugabanya, Gukoresha, Gutunganya, cyangwa kwemera gutunganya umubiri na chimique, Kugarura no Kujugunya.Nk’uko imibare ibigaragaza, mu 2007, igipimo cyo kongera gukoresha imyanda mu Buyapani cyari 52.2%, muri byo 43.0% byagabanutse binyuze mu kuvura.

Kanada |Icyumweru cy'ifumbire
Gusubiramo kenshi gukoreshwa kugirango imyanda yo mu gikari ibora bisanzwe, ni ukuvuga amashami yamenetse n'amababi bikoreshwa neza nko gutwikira hasi.Inama y’ifumbire mvaruganda yo muri Kanada yifashisha “icyumweru cy’ifumbire mvaruganda yo muri Kanada” iba kuva ku ya 4 kugeza ku ya 10 Gicurasi buri mwaka kugira ngo ishishikarize abaturage gukora ifumbire mvaruganda kugira ngo bamenye ikoreshwa ry’imyanda.Kugeza ubu, miliyoni 1.2 zamafumbire mvaruganda zahawe ingo mu gihugu hose.Nyuma yo gushyira imyanda kama mumase mugihe cyamezi atatu, ibikoresho bitandukanye kama nkindabyo zumye, amababi, impapuro zikoreshwa hamwe nibiti byimbaho ​​birashobora gukoreshwa nkifumbire mvaruganda.

Ububiligi |Ifumbire mvaruganda
Serivise yicyatsi mumijyi minini nka Bruxelles imaze igihe kinini ikoresha ifumbire mvaruganda kugirango ikemure imyanda kama.Umujyi ufite ibibanza 15 binini bifungura ifumbire mvaruganda hamwe na bine byashyizwemo toni 216.000 zimyanda.Umuryango udaharanira inyungu VLACO utegura, ugenzura ubuziranenge kandi uteza imbere imyanda y'icyatsi.Sisitemu yuzuye ifumbire mvaruganda ihujwe no kugenzura ubuziranenge, bifasha cyane kugurisha isoko.


Igihe cyo kohereza: Werurwe-15-2022